Nuclear Plant Construction

As of July 30, 2013 there were 432 Active Reactors worldwide. Most reactors currently planned are in the Asian region, with fast-growing economies and rapidly-rising electricity demand. Many countries with existing nuclear power programs (Argentina, Armenia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Czech Rep., France, India, Pakistan, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, South Korea, South Africa, Ukraine, UK, USA) have plans to build new power reactors (beyond those now under construction).

In all, about 160 power reactors with a total net capacity of some 177,000 Megawatts of energy (MWe) are planned and over 320 more are proposed. Energy security concerns and greenhouse constraints on coal have combined with basic economics to put nuclear power back on the agenda for projected new capacity in many countries.

 

USA - There are plans for 13 new reactors, and two combined construction and operating licenses for these were issued early in 2012, while five more are under review. All are for late third-generation plants, and a further proposal is for two ABWR units.  It is expected that some of the new reactors will be on line by 2020.

Canada - There are plans to build up to 2200 MWe or more of new capacity at Darlington in Ontario.

Finland - Construction is now under way on a fifth, very large reactor which will come on line in 2014, and plans are firming for another large one to follow it.

France - Currently under construction is a similar 1600 MWe unit at Flamanville, for operation from 2016, and a second may follow it at Penly.

United Kingdom - Four similar 1600 MWe units are planned for operation by 2019, and a further 6000 MWe is proposed.

Romania - The second power reactor started up in 2007, and plans are being implemented for two additional units to operate by 2017.

Slovakia - Construction is now under way in completing two 470 MWe units at Mochovce, to operate from 2014.

Bulgaria - There are plans to build a large new reactor at Kozloduy.

Belarus - There are plans to build two large new Russian reactors at Ostrovets, the first to start in 2019.

Russia - Ten reactors are under active construction, one being a large fast neutron reactor. About 14 further reactors are then planned, some to replace existing plants, and by 2017 ten new reactors totalling at least 9.2 GWe should be operating. Further reactors are planned to add new capacity. This will increase the country's present nuclear power capacity by 50% in 2020. In addition about 5 GW of nuclear thermal capacity is planned. A small floating power plant is expected to be completed by 2014 and others are planned to follow.

Poland - There are plans to build two 3000 MWe nuclear power plants.

South Korea - There are plans to bring an additional four reactors into operation by 2017, and another five by 2021, giving total new capacity of 12,200 MWe.

Japan - Currently, there are two reactors under construction but another three which were likely to start building by mid 2011 have been deferred.

China - Currently, there are 20 nuclear power reactors in operation, 28 under construction, and more about to start construction. Additional reactors are planned, including some of the world's most advanced, to give more than a three-fold increase in nuclear capacity to at least 58 GWe by 2020, then some 150 GWe by 2030, and much more by 2050. China’s policy is for closed fuel cycle. China has become largely self-sufficient in reactor design and construction, as well as other aspects of the fuel cycle, but is making full use of western technology while adapting and improving it. China’s policy is to ‘go global’ with exporting nuclear technology including heavy components in the supply chain.

Taiwan - Taipower is building two advanced reactors (ABWR) at Lungmen.

India - Currently, there are 20 reactors in operation, and seven under construction (two expected to be completed in 2013). This includes two large Russian reactors and a large prototype fast breeder reactor as part of its strategy to develop a fuel cycle which can utilize thorium. Twenty further units are planned.  18 further units are planned, and proposals for more - including western and Russian designs - are taking shape following the lifting of trade restrictions.

Pakistan - Construction is now underway for the third and fourth 300 MWe reactors at Chashma, financed by China. There are plans for more Chinese power reactors.

Kazakhstan - A joint venture with Russia's Atomstroyexport envisages development and marketing of innovative small and medium-sized reactors, starting with a 300 MWe Russian design as baseline for Kazakh units.

Iran - Nuclear power plant construction was suspended in 1979 but in 1995 Iran signed an agreement with Russia to complete a 1000 MWe PWR at Bushehr.

United Arab Emirates - There has been a $20.4 billion contract awarded to a South Korean consortium to build four 1400 MWe reactors by 2020. The first are under construction.

Jordan - There are committed plans for its first reactor to be operating by 2020, and is developing its legal and regulatory infrastructure.

Turkey - There are currently contracts signed for four 1200 MWe Russian nuclear reactors at one site and is negotiating similar capacity at another. Its legal and regulatory infrastructure is well-developed.

Vietnam - Currently, there are committed plans for its first reactors at two sites (2x2000 MWe), to be operating by 2020, and is developing its legal and regulatory infrastructure. The first plant will be a turnkey project built by Atomstroyexport.  The second will be Japanese.